A Bill to Bolster Billfish Protections

A Bill to Bolster Billfish Protections
Ken Hinman-1-28-2023 Ken Hinman
Published On April 26, 2017
image description Reading Time 3 minutes

Amendment Clarifies Intent of 2012 Conservation Act

by Ken Hinman, Wild Oceans President

A rule to fully implement the Billfish Conservation Act of 2012 had the ignominious honor of being the only proposed rulemaking left unfinished by the Department of Commerce before the change of Administrations in January. For four years, the National Marine Fisheries Service struggled with the issue of whether or not Hawaiian-caught marlin, spearfish and sailfish exempted from the law’s general ban on sales could be transported and sold elsewhere in the U.S. (“The Buck Stops…Where?“, No. 151)

So a bipartisan group of senators stepped up and introduced legislation on February 15th to amend the Billfish Conservation Act, making it clear that the original intent of the BCA was to prohibit sales of any marlin, spearfish or sailfish in the mainland United States, regardless of who catches them or where. The bill, S. 396, was filed by Senators Bill Nelson (D-FL), Marco Rubio (R-FL), Jerry Moran (R-KS) and Joe Manchin (D-WV).

“On behalf of anglers and conservationists around the country, we are grateful to these four senators for stepping up and taking this action,” said Wild Oceans president Ken Hinman and IGFA president Rob Kramer in a joint statement.   The two organizations partnered to form the Take Marlin Off the Menu campaign in 2009, working together to pass the BCA and ever since to make sure it is fully implemented. “This simple bill, a ‘technical amendment,’ will ensure that billfish receive the full protections from commercial exploitation that the Billfish Conservation Act intended.”


The landmark law has been in force since 2013, preventing an estimated 30,000 foreign-caught billfish a year from being sold in U.S. markets on the mainland, where U.S. commercial fishermen have been prohibited from selling blue, white and striped marlin, spearfish and sailfish for decades.

The Act, however, provides an exemption for the “traditional fisheries and markets” of Hawaii and Pacific island territories. The authors of the BCA said at the time that the exemption was meant for local sales and consumption only, but the law itself was silent on whether or not fish could be sold outside Hawaii, creating a loophole that needed to be closed.

The conservation benefit of keeping foreign imports out of U.S. markets is substantial, but it could be undermined by the free flow of Hawaiian-caught marlin within markets closed to everyone else, domestic and foreign.

The senate bill would not only close mainland markets to all Pacific billfish including those caught under the Hawaii exemption, it would strengthen enforcement of the billfish prohibition nationwide while minimizing regulatory costs and making it immune to legal challenges based on unfair trade practices. (“Getting Past Customs”, No. 146)

Become a member of Wild Oceans today and support our work to protect our ocean treasures and the future of fishing.